Multi-modal on-body sensing of human activities
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||Kontextbezogenes System , Mustererkennung
|Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch):
||Kalman filter based sensor fusion , Spotting of Manipulative hand gestures , Force sensing resistors , Location modeling
||Mitarbeiter Lehrstuhl/Einrichtung der Fakultät für Informatik und Mathematik
||Fakultät für Informatik und Mathematik
||Lukowicz, Paul (Prof. Dr.)
|Tag der mündlichen Prüfung:
Kurzfassung auf Englisch:
||Increased usage and integration of state-of-the-art information technology in our everyday work life aims at increasing the working efficiency. Due to unhandy human-computer-interaction methods this progress does not always result in increased efficiency, for mobile workers in particular.
Activity recognition based contextual computing attempts to balance this interaction deficiency.
This work investigates wearable, on-body sensing techniques on their applicability in the field of human activity recognition.
More precisely we are interested in the spotting and recognition of so-called manipulative hand gestures. In particular the thesis focuses on the question whether the widely used motion sensing based approach can be enhanced through additional information sources.
The set of gestures a person usually performs on a specific place is limited -- in the contemplated production and maintenance scenarios in particular.
As a consequence this thesis investigates whether the knowledge about the user's hand location provides essential hints for the activity recognition process.
In addition, manipulative hand gestures -- due to their object manipulating character -- typically start in the moment the user's hand reaches a specific place, e.g. a specific part of a machinery.
And the gestures most likely stop in the moment the hand leaves the position again.
Hence this thesis investigates whether hand location can help solving the spotting problem.
Moreover, as user-independence is still a major challenge in activity recognition, this thesis investigates location context as a possible key component in a user-independent recognition system.
We test a Kalman filter based method to blend absolute position readings with orientation readings based on inertial measurements.
A filter structure is suggested which allows up-sampling of slow absolute position readings, and thus introduces higher dynamics to the position estimations.
In such a way the position measurement series is made aware of wrist motions in addition to the wrist position.
We suggest location based gesture spotting and recognition approaches.
Various methods to model the location classes used in the spotting and recognition stages as well as different location distance measures are suggested and evaluated.
In addition a rather novel sensing approach in the field of human activity recognition is studied.
This aims at compensating drawbacks of the mere motion sensing based approach.
To this end we develop a wearable hardware architecture for lower arm muscular activity measurements.
The sensing hardware based on force sensing resistors is designed to have a high dynamic range.
In contrast to preliminary attempts the proposed new design makes hardware calibration unnecessary.
Finally we suggest a modular and multi-modal recognition system; modular with respect to sensors, algorithms, and gesture classes.
This means that adding or removing a sensor modality or an additional algorithm has little impact on the rest of the recognition system.
Sensors and algorithms used for spotting and recognition can be selected and fine-tuned separately for each single activity.
New activities can be added without impact on the recognition rates of the other activities.
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URL dieser Seite: http://www.opus-bayern.de/uni-passau/volltexte/2010/1793/
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